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  • 2013年4月全国自考英语(二)真题及答案

    2014-1-22 13:22:31   来源:快考网    浏览:次  
  • 一、Vocabulary and Structure(10 points,1 point for each item)从下列各句四


    1.    Experts have found that normal sleep can be divided into five______stages.

    A.   moderate

    B.   initial

    C.   distinct

    D.   advanced


    2.    The student_____described the beautiful mountains and rivers in his home town.

    A.   artificially

    B.   vividly

    C.   critically

    D.   viciously


    3.    What her grandfather said left a_____impression on her mind.She still remembers


    A.   final

    B.   vague

    C.   deep

    D.   main


    4.    By the end of next year the bridge _____.

    A.   is to complete

    B.   has been completed

    C.   will be completing

    D.   will have been completed


    5.    We have greatly _____the procedure according to the chairmans suggestion.

    A.   stimulated

    B.   perceived

    C.   obscured

    D.   simplified


    6.    We should_____this in mind:Dont judge a person by his appearance.

    A.   bear

    B.   put

    C.   place

    D.   print


    7.    Even after decades of _____,the two brothers recognized each other


    A.   separation

    B.   cooperation

    C.   correspondence

    D.   communication


    8.    The spokesman occasionally_____his speech with gestures.

    A.   acknowledges

    B.   accompanies

    C.   attributes

    D.   anticipates


    9.    In order to follow fashions,the girl has to_____great discomforts.

    A.   catch up with

    B.   put up with

    C.   keep up with

    D.   fall in with


    10.    There is something wrong with my mobile phone.I must have it_____.

    A.   repair

    B.   to repair

    C.   repairing

    D.   repaired


    二、Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)下列短文中有十个空白,每个


    1.    If you asked people what the most important invention has been,many would say

    the printing press.Others 1 say the wheel.But even though it’s 2 whether the

    appearance of the printing press affected the course of history more than the

    wheel,the printing press 3 within the top two or three inventions in history.

     4 the telephone,the television,the radio,and the computer,the written word was

    the only way to  5 ideas to people too far away to talk with.Until the 6th or 7th

    century,all books had to be written  6.Creating a book was difficult,and very few

    existed.Therefore,very few people read books.

    In the 6th and 7th centuries,the Chinese invented a way to print pages by 7

    characters and pictures on wooden,ivory,or clay blocks.They would print a page

    from the block by putting  8 on the block and pressing paper onto the ink.This  9 is

    called letterpress printing.The invention of letterpress printing was a great

    advance in communication 10 each block could be inked many times and many copies of

    each page could be made.Many books could now be made.Therefore,many people could

    read the same book.


    (A).     might

    (B).     ought to

    (C).     had to

    (D).     should



    (A).     variable

    (B).     agreeable

    (C).     reliable

    (D).     debatable



    (A).     lists

    (B).     ranges

    (C).     ranks

    (D).     covers



    (A).     Now that

    (B).     No longer

    (C).     Long before

    (D).     Since then



    (A).     invent

    (B).     communicate

    (C).     generalize

    (D).     motivate



    (A).     by hand

    (B).     at heart

    (C).     on foot

    (D).     in mind



    (A).     drawing

    (B).     painting

    (C).     writing

    (D).     carving



    (A).     chalk

    (B).     oil

    (C).     ink

    (D).     crystal



    (A).     definition

    (B).     action

    (C).     movement

    (D).     process



    (A).     when

    (B).     because

    (C).     although

    (D).     if


    三、Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each item)从下列每篇短文


    1.    The American population was the tallest in the world from about the American

    Revolution to World WarⅡ—that’s a long time.The U.S.had a very resourcerich

    environment,with game,fish and wildlife.In fact we have data on disadvantaged

    people in America,such as slaves.They were obviously among the most mistreated

    populations in the world,but given the resource abundance,and given the fact that

    the slave owners needed their work,they had to be fed relatively decently.So the

    slaves were taller than European peasants.It’s no wonder that Europeans were just

    flooding to America.

    Americans today are no longer the tallest people in the world.After World

    WarⅡ,many Western and Northern European countries began to adopt favorable social

    policies.There is universal health insurance in most of these societies—that,of

    course,makes a difference in health care.You can also consider income inequality in

    the U.S., since people who are at the low end of the totem pole(图腾柱)have

    considerable adversity making ends meet.I suspect the difference in  height between

    Americans and Europeans is due to both diet and health care.

    Americans today suffer from an additional problem:obesity.If children are too well

    nourished,then they’re not able to grow optimally.There are certain hormones that

    control the start of the adolescent growth and the start of adolescence.Nutrition

    is one of the factors,along with genetic and hormonal ones which are associated

    with the start of puberty(青春期).And if puberty comes too early,then the youth

    will peak out sooner,and will not become as tall in adulthood as someone who had

    better nutrition.Also,the overload of carbohydrates and fats in a fastfood diet may

    hinder the consumption of micronutrients essential to growth.

    (1).      The word "game" in(line 2,para.1)refers to.

    (A).     animals hunted for food

    (B).     rich natural resources

    (C).     activities played by kids

    (D).     sports events to be held


    (2).      Slaves in America were taller than European peasants because.

    (A).     they were badly treated

    (B).     they did not do farm work

    (C).     they had sufficient food to eat

    (D).     they enjoyed better health care


    (3).      It is implied in the second paragraph that.

    (A).     Europeans could make more money than Americans

    (B).     average Americans used to be shorter than Europeans

    (C).     welfare helps Europeans grow taller than Americans

    (D).     people on the totem pole are leading a comfortable life


    (4).      According to the third paragraph,overweight children in the U.S..

    (A).     tend to have better nutrition for growth

    (B).     tend to eat more food to grow taller

    (C).     will grow taller than average children

    (D).     will fail to grow into an ideal height


    (5).      Eating too much fast food may affect.

    (A).     the absorption of micronutrients

    (B).     the intake of carbohydrates

    (C).     the consumption of hormones

    (D).     the digestion of fats


    2.    Yoshio and Hiromi Tanaka are a young Japanese couple living in the USA while

    Yoshio studies electrical engineering.They clearly love each other very

    deeply,but,says Yoshio,“We didn’t marry for love in the Western sense.We got

    married in the timehonoured Japanese way.Our parents arranged our marriage through

    a matchmaker.In Japan we believe that marriage is something that affects the whole

    family,not just the young couple concerned.So we think it is very  important to

    match people according to their social background,education and so  on.Matchmakers

    are usually middleaged women who keep lists of suitable  young people with

    information about their families,education and interests.When  our parents thought

    it was time for us to get married they went to a local  matchmaker and asked her for

    some suggestions.We discussed the details and  looked at the photos she sent,and

    then our parents asked her to arrange a ‘marriage interview’ for the two of us.”

    A Japanese marriage interview is held in a public place,such as a hotel or

    restaurant,and is attended by the boy and the girl,their parents and the

    matchmaker.Information about the couple and their families is exchanged over a cup

    of tea and a meal.Then the boy and the girl are left alone for a short time to know

    each other.When they return home they have to tell the matchmaker whether they want

    to meet again or not.If both of them want a second meeting, the matchmaker

    arranges it,and after that they can decide whether to carry on the courtship

    themselves.Here Hiromi said with a gentle smile,“Not so long ago,the girl could

    never refuse to go out again with a boy who liked her,but now she can. I thought

    Yoshio was really nice,so I didn’t refuse.”

    Yoshio continued:“When our parents realized we were serious about each other, they

    started to make arrangements for our wedding.My family paid the ‘Yuino’money to

    Hiromi’s.This money is to help pay for the wedding ceremony and for setting up

    house afterwards.We also gave her family a beautiful ornament to put in the best

    room of their house,so everyone knew that Hiromi was going to marry. Six months

    after our first meeting we were married.A traditional Japanese wedding is a

    wonderful ceremony,and our traditional custom of arranged marriage has given me a

    wonderful wife.”

    (1).      The Japanese think marriage is important because.

    (A).     it is expensive to hire a matchmaker

    (B).     it is timeconsuming to match people

    (C).     it concerns the couple and their families as well

    (D).     it is hard to get the approval of the couples parents


    (2).      After a marriage interview,the second meeting will be decided by.

    (A).     the boys parents

    (B).     the matchmaker

    (C).     the young couple

    (D).     the girls parents


    (3).      It is implied in the second paragraph that.

    (A).     a good hotel can bring about a good marriage

    (B).     men used to be dominant in choosing a partner

    (C).     women played a leading role in choosing a partner

    (D).     a marriage interview settles all marriage arrangements


    (4).      Yoshio thinks that the traditional Japanese marriage is.

    (A).     costly

    (B).     satisfying

    (C).     complex

    (D).     outdated


    (5).      This passage is mainly about.

    (A).     the process of an arranged Japanese marriage

    (B).     a wedding ceremony in a Japanese fashion

    (C).     conventional marriage and modern marriage

    (D).     the role of matchmakers in arranging marriages


    3.    College-bound American high school students usually have some combination of

    parents,teachers,guidance counselors,or peers to support them in the tough

    process of applying to and beginning college.Unfortunately,adults who want to go to

    college—particularly adults who have been out of school for a long time—generally

    have no such support system.“Adults have a much harder time starting out in college

    because,unlike regular students,they have adult obligations—raising children and

    working full time—that often conflict with the demands of school,”says Deepa

    Rao,a World Education expert.“Also,adults who have been out of school for a long

    time may not be academically prepared for collegelevel work.Some have little

    exposure to technologies like email and Internet research,which are an increasing

    part of college communication and courses.They may be unaware of available

    resources,such as financial aid,tutoring centers or mentoring programs,and may be

    unfamiliar with terms such as ‘bursar’and‘prerequisite.’And if you don’t know

    where to begin or what to do  once you do get there,it’s easy to get overwhelmed

    and simply give up.”

    The challenges that working adults face when going to college inspired Deepa to

    develop a web page and website as part of World Education’s National College

    Transition Network(NCTN),an online forum for technical assistance,news,and helpful

    resources for educators,policy makers,and others interested in adult learning.The

    new website is a counterpart(对应物)to the NCTN,set up to guide adults who are

    considering college through the process of applying to and succeeding in school.

    The website is arranged like a college campus,with‘buildings’representing the

    sort of departments and classrooms housed on a college campus.Each building

    contains‘classes’that describe the admissions process,where to look for grants

    and scholarships,and lists resources,where an outofpractice student can review

    reading,writing,and math.There are also lists of advice and resources to help

    students with their college life.Another helpful aspect of this

    interactive,multimedia site is its audio capacity:all texts can be read to the

    visitor.This particular feature is especially helpful for people with visual

    problems or learning disabilities.

    The cycle of learning runs from cradle to grave,and World Education works to break

    down barriers to education for people of all ages,all over the world.

    (1).      According to the passage,working adults find it difficult to start their

    college education because.

    (A).     they are too busy and academically unprepared

    (B).     they have been out of school for quite a long time

    (C).     tutoring resources in college are unavailable to them

    (D).     they do not have enough money for further education


    (2).      The comparison between adult students and regular students shows that.

    (A).     the latter are less prepared than the former

    (B).     the latter have more problems than the former

    (C).     the former have more problems than the latter

    (D).     the former are no less prepared than the latter


    (3).      The purpose of the website is to.

    (A).     help adult students edit web pages

    (B).     provide adult students with guidance

    (C).     solve financial problems of adult students

    (D).     enable students to repair computers by themselves


    (4).      The newly created website provides programs.

    (A).     for regular college students only

    (B).     for students interested in websites

    (C).     for students including the disabled

    (D).     for educators interested in adult learning


    (5).      The last paragraph shows that learning.

    (A).     involves difficulties

    (B).     starts at ones birthplace

    (C).     requires repeated efforts

    (D).     is a lifelong process


    四、Word Spelling(20 points,1 point for two items)将下列汉语单词译成英语。每


    1.    多种多样的a.d_ _ _ _ _ _


    2.    同样地ad.l_ _ _ _ _ _ _


    3.    手册,指南n.m_ _ _ _ _


    4.    消费者n.c_ _ _ _ _ _ _


    5.    商标n.t_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


    6.    偏见n.b_ _ _


    7.    城市的a.u_ _ _ _


    8.    观众n.a_ _ _ _ _ _ _


    9.    材料n.m_ _ _ _ _ _ _


    10.    词典n.d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


    11.    值得v.d_ _ _ _ _ _


    12.    科学的a.s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


    13.    缺陷,毛病n.d_ _ _ _ _


    14.    延长,拉长v.p_ _ _ _ _ _


    15.    图书馆馆员n.l_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


    16.    药片n.t_ _ _ _ _


    17.    命令,指挥v.c_ _ _ _ _ _


    18.    明智的a.s_ _ _ _ _ _ _


    19.    原则n.p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


    20.    次等的,劣等的a.i_ _ _ _ _ _ _


    五、Word Form(10 points,1 point each)将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。


    1.    She was taken to hospital because she was suffering from a(n)___(regular)



    2.    In all ___(serious),if Mike does resign,a lot of others will start leaving too.


    3.    The father has adopted a fairly___(tolerate)attitude toward his son’s



    4.     Soon after that,labor markets became very tight and money wages rose___(rapid).


    5.    It was___(honest)of him to suggest that he actually had a degree from

    Harvard—he was just there for one year.


    6.    A good___(write) of fiction always manages to have sympathy for all his



    7.    Mike didn’t like to be singled out for special___(treat)at school because of

    his athletic talent.


    8.    Doctors soon realized that this drug was also___(effect) in relieving the

    symptoms of diabetes.


    9.    She found she was sweating profusely and her breathing had___(quick).


    10.    The publishing business is no___(differ)from any other business in this



    六、Translation from Chinese into English(15 points,3 points each)将下列各句


    1.    我觉得黑洞理论很难理解。

    答案:I find/found it difficult to understand the black hole theory.

    2.    为了按时完成实验,这位科学家从未在午夜前就寝。

    答案:To complete the experiment on time,the scientist never went to bed before


    3.    那位年轻人的研究几乎没有成功的可能。

    答案:There will be little possibility of success in the young man’s research./It

    is almost impossible for the young man to succeed in his research.

    4.    就连警方也不清楚那场交通事故的原因。

    答案:Even the police did not know what had caused the traffic accident.

    5.    我倒是希望他明年再买这房子。

    答案:I would rather he bought the house next year.








    七、Translation from English into Chinese(15 points)将下列短文译成汉语并将答


    1.    In the old days,the lines between work and leisure time were markedly

    clearer. People left their offices at a predictable time,were often completely

    disconnected from their jobs as they traveled to and from work,and were offduty

    once they were home.That’s no longer true.In today’s highly competitive job

    market, employers demand increased productivity,expecting employees to put in longer

    hours and to keep in touch almost constantly via fax,cell phones,email,or other

    communications devices.As a result,employees feel the need to check what’s going

    on at the office,even on days off.They feel pressured to work after office hours

    just to catch up on everything they have to do.They work harder and longer, change

    their work tasks more frequently,and they worry more about job security.


















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